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The Family of William Penn. 43& 


(Continued from page 390.) 


[Note. — After the last instalment of this paper had gone to press, I 
received from London, from the Friends' records of Sussex and Surrey, 
the dates of the births of the three younger children of William Penn 
by his first marriage, which, on page 390, are given conjecturally. They 
were all born at Worminghurst, Sussex, the dates being as follows: 
Letitia, born First month (March) 6, 1678; William, Jr., born First 
month (March) 14, 1680 ; Gulielma Maria, born Ninth month 17, 1685. 
This completes the record of these children. 

I find that, notwithstanding care in dealing with the double-dated Old- 
Style period from the 1st of January to the 25th of March, I have made 
at least one slip in saying (page 383, and again page 384) that Gulielma 
Maria Penn died three years before her son Springett. It should be two 
years. She died February 23, 1693/4, and he April 10, 1696.] 

Two years after the death of his wife, Penn married again. 
His second wife, Hannah Callowhill, was the daughter of 
Thomas Callowhill and the granddaughter of Dennis Hol- 
lister, both of Bristol, England, prosperous men of business 
and prominent Friends. (Olarkson describes them as " emi- 
nent merchants," and Janney follows this.) A deed of June 
26, 1661, shows the marriage of Thomas Callowhill and 
Hannah Hollister as about occurring, and describes him as 
a " button-maker, sonn and heir of John Callowhill, late of 
said city [Bristol] gent, deceased." Later, in 1682 and 1711, 
other deeds describe Thomas Callowhill as " linen draper," 
and this, no doubt, was his occupation during most of his 
business life. 

Dennis Hollister was a grocer. He had four daughters, 
Hannah, Lydia, Mary, and Phebe. Hannah married 
Thomas Callowhill; Lydia married Thomas Jordan, a 
grocer ; and Mary married Simon Clement, a merchant. 

436 The Family of William Penn. 

Perm, of course, was well acquainted with families of 
Friends in all parts of England, and doubtless knew the 
Callowhills. His courtship of Hannah, 1 as appears from 
letters preserved among the Penn papers of the Pennsyl- 
vania Historical Society, was warmly pursued in the later 
months of 1695. It is probable, but is not clear from these 
letters, that the engagement of marriage had then been 
made. 2 

The Bristol records of the Friends record the birth of 
Hannah Callowhill, daughter of Thomas and Annah (sic), 
of High Street, Bristol, Second month (April) 18, 1664. 
She was, therefore, nearly thirty-two years old at the time 
of her marriage. 

John Callowhill, Dennis Hollister, 

of Bristol, Eng., of Bristol, Eng., 

Gentleman. Grocer. 

Thomas Callowhill, Hannah Hollister 

of Bristol, linen-draper, (eldest of four daughters), 

d. 1712. = d. 1712. 

Hannah Callowhill 

b. 1664, d. 1726, 

m. (2d wife of) 

William Penn. 

1 Clarkson says, Penn " had long felt an extraordinary esteem" for 
Hannah Callowhill. 

2 The letters preserved (of course by Hannah Callowhill) are some ten 
in number ; one or two, though addressed on the outside to her father, 
appear to be intended for her. They convey many ardent representa- 
tions of regard, and earnestly urge her not to delay the marriage. Some 
passages suggest the thought that the wooer was more in love than the 
lady, but we may reflect that he was a fluent letter-writer. In one 
letter he says, " This is my eighth letter to thy fourth, since I saw thee." 
A few days later, " This is my tenth letter to thy fourth, which is a dis- 
proportion I might begin a little to reproach thee for, but I do it so 
gently, and with so much affection that I hope it will prevail with thee 
to mend thy pace." One or two letters at the close of the series, just 
before the marriage, discuss details of house-keeping, the style and 
furnishing of a carriage, etc. 

The Family of William Penn. 437 

The marriage proceedings were regularly conducted ac- 
cording to the Friends' order, which, newly set up in 1672 
when Penn was first married, had now become well settled 
and recognized. The intention of marriage was declared to 
the " men's meeting," at Bristol, November 11, 1695, and 
the meeting gave leave to proceed, February 24, 1695/6. 
On the 5th of March following the marriage took place. 1 

The certificate of the marriage follows. I am not aware 
that it has heretofore been published. Penn's biographers 
generally refer to his second marriage, as to his first, vaguely 
and indefinitely, most of them not giving even the date : 2 

[The memorial or copie of the certificate of William Penn's and 
Hannah Callowhill's marriage the certificate itselfe being wrott on a 
pece of Parchment stampt with the five shillings stamp according to 
the stattute.] 

IKflbCtCftS it doth appeare by the Memorialls of the mens meet- 
ing of the people called Quakers in the Citty of Bristoll that William 
Penn of Warminghurst in the County of Sussex Esq and Hannah Cal- 
lowhill daughter of Thomas Callowhill of the Citty of Bristoll Linen 
drap did on the eleaventh day of the ninth month 1695 manifest their 
intentions of marriage. And whereas such their intentions were on 
the fFoure and twentieth day of the eleaventh month in the yeare afore- 
said published in the publique meeting house of the said People in the 
psence of many people there congregated. Now forasmuch as there 
appeares noe just cause wherefore a marriage betwixt the said William 
Penn and Hannah Callowhill should not be consumated. We there- 
fore whose names are hereunto subscribed are witnesses that on the day 
of the date hereof the said William Penn taking the said Hannah by 
the hand did declare that he did take the said Hannah Callowhill to be 
his wife. And that the said Hannah holding the said William by the 
hand did declare that she did take the said William Penn to be her 

1 The certificate, it will be seen, says " one thousand six hundred 
ninety & five." It is so recorded, but the antecedent dates show that 
it should be ninety-five-si# (1695/6). It is another of the errors of Cole- 
man's " Pedigree" that he states that this marriage occurred 1699. 

2 Dixon ("Life of Penn," p. 286) says the marriage occurred "in 


The Family of William Penn. 

And that also the said William Penn and Hannah Callowhill holding 
each other by the hand did mutually promise each to other to live to- 
gether husband and wife in love & faithfullnes according to God's holy 
ordinance untill by death they shall be separated. And also the said 
William and Hannah as a further testimony of such their taking each 
other & of such their promise to each other have hereunto with us 
subscribed their names this fifth day of the first month in the yeare one 
thousand six hundred ninety & five. 

William Penn 
Hannah Penn. 

George Bowles 
Thomas Sturg 
Alexander Pyot 
Gilbert Thompson 
Thomas Bivin 
John Corke 
Henry Goldney 
Mary Russel 
Elizabeth Goldney 
Sarah Hersent 
Lydia Gregory 
Paul Moon 
Nicho Reist 
Tho: Speed 
Mary Speed 
Tho Lewis 
Alee Cooper 
Katherine Bound 

Joshua Mallet 
John Whiting 
John Clarke 
Nathaniel Wade 
James Stretter 
William Lickfold 
Thamazin Yeamans 
Thomas Jordan 
John Everard 
Abraham Jones 
John Harper 
Hen r Dickinson 
J. Penington 
W. Penington 
Mary Wherly 
Sarah Jones 
Judith Dighton 
Elizabeth Cooke 

Rich Sneade 
Charles Harford 
Benja. Coole 
Richard Vickris 
John Field 
Rog r Haydock 
John Boulton 
John Vaughton 
John Tompkins 
D. Wherly 
Margt Duffeild ' 
Briget Haynes 
Eliz. Penington 
George Diton 
Robert Bound 
Tho Hicks 
John Clement 
James Millard 

Thomas Callowhill 
Anna Callowhill 
Sp: Penn 
Laetitia Penn 
W m Penn Jur 
Thomas Harris 
Walter Duffeild 
Phebe Harris 
Mary Clement 
John Lloyd 
George Stephens 
Hump : Crosley 

[Certified to be an Extract from the Eegister or Eeeord numbered 116, 
and entitled a Eegister of Marriages of the Society of Friends.] * 

This certificate suggests some remark. It will be noticed 
that the contracting parties, the bridegroom and bride, sign 
their names, preceding those of the witnesses. In 1672, as 
will be seen by referring to the Penn-Springett certificate, 
this was not the case, the witnesses only signing. In this 
certificate, also, for some peculiar reason, the record kept 
in London has the signature of Penn and his wife m fac- 
simile, and in the certified copy forwarded me the copyist 

1 Copy furnished from the General Eegister Office, Somerset House, 
London, July 4, 1896. 

The Family of William Penn. 439 

has again cleverly imitated the two signatures. Among 
the witnesses are William Penn's three children, Springett 
(then within a few weeks of his death), Letitia, and William, 
Jr. The bride's father and mother sign, she writing her 
name, it seems, Anna. Thomas Jordan appears, but not his 
wife Lydia, though deeds show her living as late as 1711. 
Mary Clement signs, but her husband Simon is absent. 
Henry Groldney, often referred to in Pennsylvania affairs, 
and one of the mortgagees of the Proprietorship later, is a 
signer. He was then living in London ; it was at his house 
in White Hart Court that George Fox died, January 13, 
1690/91. 1 

Penn is described in this certificate as of Worminghurst ; 
that continued to be his home, apparently, until 1697, when, 
his biographers say, he removed to Bristol. In 1699, on the 
8d of September, almost precisely seventeen years after his 
first departure in the " Welcome," he sailed the second time 
for Pennsylvania, in the " Canterbury," accompanied by his 
wife and his daughter Letitia. They reached Chester at the 
end of November, and landed at Philadelphia December 3. 
" My passage was long, three months," Penn wrote in a 
letter to Secretary Vernon, March 10 following, "but 
merciful in that the northwesters had purged this town 
from a distemper that raged two or three months therein, 
brought as believed from Barbadoes, of which 215 died." 

Going first to the large house of Edward Shippen, on 
Second Street, north of Spruce, afterwards called the 
" Governor's House," where they remained about a month, 
Penn and his family then took up their residence in the 
famous house of Samuel Carpenter, the " Slate-Roof House," 
on Second Street, south of Chestnut ; and here, on the 29th 
of January (1699/1700), the first child of the Founder, by 
his second marriage, was born, — John Penn, known usually 
as "the American," from the fact that he only, of William 
Penn's four children, was born on this side of the Atlantic. 2 

1 Henry Goldney himself died October 6, 1724. — Breviate. 

2 Foot-note in " Penn-Logan Correspondence," Vol. I., extract from a 
letter: "Third-day, 31st 11 mo., 1699. Our Governor has a son, born 

440 The Family of William Penn. 

A letter from Isaac JSTorris when the boy was past a year 
old, dated at Philadelphia, March 6, 1700/1, says, "The 
Governor, wife and daughter well. . . . Their little son is 
a comely, lovely babe, and has much of his father's grace 
and air, and hope he will not want a good portion of his 
mother's sweetness, who is a woman extremely well beloved 
here, exemplary in her station, and of excellent spirit." 
There are several allusions to the child in his father's letters 
to James Logan, from England, after the family had re- 
turned there. They sailed, on the homeward voyage, in the 
" Dolmahoy," November 3, 1701, and on the 4th of Janu- 
ary, 1701/2, Penn wrote from Kensington (London), " We 
had a swift passage — twenty six days from the Cape to 
soundings, and thirty [to] Portsmouth. . . . Tishe and 
Johnne after the first five days hearty and well, and Johnne 
exceeding cheerful all the way." And in another letter of 
the same date he says, "Wife and father and child are 
going this week for Bristol." February 3 following 
(1701/2) he says, "My wife and little Johnne well at 
Bristol." Again, from London, June 21, 1702, "I bless, 
the Lord mine were lately well, my last son thriving much,, 
and Johnne perpetually busy in building or play, otherwise 
but when he eats or sleeps, as his mother informs me. I 
have not been with them but seventeen days these five 
months." And a year and a half later the little boy had 
been taught to remember the city of his birth, for a letter 
from his father, written at London, December 4, says, " My 
wife, Johnny, (who is still going to Philadelphia in Penn- 
sylvania), Tommy and Hannah, were also pretty well last 

The allusions just made, " my last son thriving much" and 
" Tommy and Hannah," signify two more children. They 

last First-day night, and all like to do well." The title applied to John 
was early used. Vide letter from Penn to Logan, London, March 10, 
1703/4: "Remember poor Johnnee, the little American, according to 
what I writ, both of his grandfather's lot and land, and what I gave 
him in my former letters." — " Penn-Logan Correspondence," Vol. I. p. 

The Family of William Penn. 441 

were both born at Bristol, in the house of their grandfather 
Callowhill. The Friends' records of Bristol Meeting, pre- 
served at Devonshire House, London, show these entries : 

" 1701/2, 1 Mo. [March] 9— Thomas Perm born at dwelling-house of 
Thomas Callowhill, son of William and Hannah Penn. 

" 1703, 5 Mo. [July] 30 — Hannah Margarita Penn born at Thomas 
CallowhilPs in James Parish, daughter of William and Hannah Penn." * 

John Penn, the son born at Philadelphia, from these 
references of his father's and from such other evidence as 
we have concerning him, seems to have been a lively and 
well-tempered person. Watson says he "was quite an 
amiable man," and adds that in the estimation of James 
Logan he was " his favorite of all the proprietor's children." 2 
We may note at this point, since he died unmarried, the 
main facts concerning him. He was in his nineteenth year 
at his father's death, and had spent much of his time, sub- 
sequently to his father's apoplectic stroke in 1712, with his 
mother's relatives at Bristol. 3 

Following the authority of his father's will, his mother, 
by " a deed of appointment," in November, 1718, " directed 
and appointed" that John should receive one-half of the 
Proprietary estate in Pennsylvania, the three lower counties, 

1 Entries cited by J. H. Lea, Penna. Mag., Vol. XVI. p. 334.— An 
allusion is made in a letter of Penn to Logan, from London, June 6, 
1703 : " . . . My poor wife going down to-morrow to Bristol to lie in." 
Again, in a letter to Logan from Worminghurst, August 27, 1703 : " I 
came from Bristol three weeks ago, and was there but about fourteen or 
sixteen days, on occasion of my wife's lying in, who this day month 
four weeks was brought to bed of a daughter, whom we call Hannah 
Margarita. They with my two sons were lately well, and so am I, bless 
God, at present." 

""Annals," Vol. I. p. 116. 

3 Watson says of John ("Annals," Vol. I. p. 116), "He had been 
brought up in Bristol, in England, with a cousin, as a merchant in the 
linen trade, a situation in which he gave his parents much satisfac- 
tion." The latter clause of this statement could refer only to his 
mother, as he was but twelve years old at the time of his father's dis- 
ability. There are a number of references in Hannah Penn's letters, in 
1716 and 1717, to his being at Bristol. 

442 The Family of William Penn. 

and " elsewhere in America." He seems to have taken his 
heirship, with the subsequent development of its great value, 
cheerfully and without appearance of pride, and to have 
borne himself kindly towards his younger brothers. He 
came to Pennsylvania in September, 1734, landing at 
Chester, in company with his sister Margaret and her 
husband Thomas Freame, and was ceremoniously welcomed 
at Philadelphia on the 20th of the month. He remained 
here a year, returning in September, 1735, to attend to the 
litigation with Lord Baltimore over the Maryland boundary. 
For some years before his visit here he had a country place 
at Feens, near Maidenhead, in Berkshire, and maintained 
there what seems to have been a modest bachelor establish- 
ment. His death occurred October 25, 1746. He was 
buried at Jordans. The journal of Eebekah Butterfield 
says, 1 — 

" 5th of 9th Month November 1746, Daniel Bell, Isaac Sharpies, and 
Sarah Holland were at y e burial of John Penn at Jordans. S. H. lodged 
at A. B. [Abraham Butterfield's] . Y e rest went away. There was y e 
Herse, seven Coches, and two Chaises. It was a large Meetting." 

And in another part of her journal she had inserted an 
extract from a local newspaper, the Oxford Flying Weekly 
Journal, of November 1, 1746, as follows : 

" On Tuesday night last, being the 25th of October, after a long and 
painful illness, which was borne with the greatest fortitude, resignation, 
and cheerfulness, died at Hitcham, in the County of Bucks, John Penn, 
Esq., the eldest of the surviving sons of William Penn, Esq., late Pro- 
prietary of the province of Pennsylvania ; a gentleman who, from his 
strict justice and integrity, the greatness of his mind, his universal 
benevolence to all mankind, and his many other amiable qualities, 
was a worthy successor to his great father. In his life he was highly 
esteemed by all who knew him, and his death is as generally lamented. 
He dying without issue, his estate in Pennsylvania descends to his next 
brother, Thomas Penn, Esq., who for many years resided in that prov- 
ince for carrying on the settlement thereof, upon the foundation which 
was laid by their father." 

1 Cited by Summers, " Jordans and the Chalfonts," p. 248. 

The Family of William Penn. 443 

Mr. Summers says, in his "Memories of Jordans and 
the Chalfonts" (p. 269), "In a plan of Jordans burying 
ground, made by John Wilkinson, of Wycombe, from the 
original by Rev. B. Anderson, Vicar of Penn (who obtained 
the information from Prince Butterfield in 1798), and now 
in possession of Mr. J. J. Green, it is distinctly stated that 
the grave opposite Isaac Pennington's is that of ' William 
Penn's son John/ not of John Pennington, as stated on the 
stone. This is confirmed in Wilson Armistead's ' Select 
Miscellanies,' 1851, Vol. VI. p. 160. It also states that 
Margaret Freame's son Thomas is buried in the same grave 
with his mother." 

John Penn died unmarried, and left his one-half interest 
in Pennsylvania and the lower counties to his brother 
Thomas for life, giving Thomas thus a three-fourths in- 
terest. There is a portrait of John Penn, by Sir Godfrey 
Kneller, in the Philadelphia Library. 

Penn's residence, after his return from America, in 1701, 
was for a time at lodgings at Kensington, but his wife no 
doubt spent a good deal of her time at her father's house in 
Bristol. Leaving Kensington, the biographical sketch pre- 
fixed to his " Select Works" says " he removed to Knights- 
bridge, over against Hyde-Park corner, where he resided 
for some years. 1 In the year 1706 he removed with his 

1 Describing Norfolk Street, Strand, built about 1682 on part of old 
Arundel House, Wheatley and Cunningham's " London Past and 
Present" (London, 1891) cites (Vol. II. p. 601) the following from 
Hawkins's " Life of Johnson" : 

" The last house at the south-west corner of the street was formerly 
the habitation of the famous William Penn, of whom it is well-known 
that his circumstances at a certain period of his life were so involved 
that it was not safe for him to go abroad. He chose the house as one 
from whence he might, upon occasion, slip out by water. In the en- 
trance to it he had a peeping-hole, through which he could see any 
person that came to him. One of these who had sent in his name, 
having been made to wait more than a reasonable time, knocked for the 
servant, whom he asked, ' Will not thy master see me?' ' Friend/ an- 
swered the servant, ' he has seen thee, but he does not like thee.' The 
fact was that Penn had, from his station, taken a view of him, and 
found him to be a creditor." 
Vol. xx.— 30 

444 The Family of William Penn. 

family to a convenient habitation, about a mile from Brent- 
ford, and eight from London, where he dwelt some years. . . . 
In the year 1710, the air near London not being agreeable 
to his declining constitution, he took a handsome seat at 
Rushcomb, near Twyford, in Buckinghamshire, 1 [sic] where 
he had his residence during the remainder of his life." 

The fourth child of Penn by his second marriage was 
Margaret. The Bristol Friends' records show : 

" 1704, 9th Mo. [November] 7, Margaret Penn, born at Thomas Cal- 
lowhill's, in James Parish, daughter of William and Hannah Penn." 

Margaret lived to grow up, and married Thomas Freame. 
There are extant lively letters from her to her brother 
Thomas, written a few years later, to which we must refer 
in a chapter on the family life at Ruscombe after Penn's 
disability. Just before Margaret's birth, in a letter of her 
father to Logan, dated at Bristol, October 7 (1704), he says, 
"Herself [the wife of William Penn, Jr.] and the three 
pretty children are all pretty well, for aught I hear, as 
through the Lord's mercy my three also are, and myself as 
well as my circumstances will admit; but my family in- 
creases apace, which I account a mercy, and yet it some- 
times makes me thoughtful when I look forward." 

The fifth child was Eichard. The Bristol Friends' records 
show his birth at his grandfather's, in Bristol : 

" 1705/6, 11th Mo. [January] 17, Eichard Penn, born at Thomas Cal- 
lowhnTs, son of William and Hannah Penn." 

The sixth child was Dennis. He was born at Ealing, 
near London, — the residence spoken of above as " a mile 

This story, if authentic at all, seems to me quite as likely to belong 
to the period, in 1691, after the accusation by the " informer" Fuller, 
when Penn found it most prudent to go into retirement. He remained 
in London much if not all of the time, and very likely declined to see 
troublesome visitors. 

1 Euscombe was in Berks, about six miles from Eeading. It is curious 
that a narrative of Penn's life, prepared not long after his death, should 
make the error of locating it in Buckinghamshire. 

The Family of William Penn. 445 

from Brentford." The Friends' records for London and 
Middlesex show : 

"1706/7, 12th Mo. [February] 26, Dennis Penn, born at Ealing, 
county of Middlesex, son of William Penn, gent., and Hannah Penn, 
of Worminghurst." 

The six children, until the death of Hannah Margarita, a 
year after Dennis's birth, were all living and doing well. 
There are numerous allusions to them in the Penn-Logan 
letters. Isaac Norris, writing from London, March 3, 1706/7, 
says, " He [William Penn] had appointed a day for my 
attendance, but did not come, being hindered by the birth 
of another son, as I since hear, about Fourth-day last. She 
[H. P.] lies in at Ealing, about eight miles off, and he's 
there." Thomas Callowhill writes from Bristol, March 23, 
1706/7, to James Logan, " I received letters this week from 
both the Proprietor and my daughter. They are both and 
their family in pretty good health — she scarce got out of her 
confinement, for she was delivered of a son named Dennis, 
not a full month since. She has now four sons and two 
daughters — I bless God, healthy and hopeful. They are 
living at a place called Ealing, near London." 

Dennis Penn was named for his mother's grandfather, 
Dennis Hollister, of Bristol. He survived his father, and 
was assigned by his mother, in her deed in 1719, a share of 
the Pennsylvania property. He died, however, in his mi- 
nority, in January or February, 1722/3. The " Breviate" in 
the Boundary Case states l that his death occurred February 
6, 1722. Eebekah Butterfi eld's journal gives the date of his 
burial at Jordans ground as January 8, 1722/3. One or 
the other account is wrong a month. 

Hannah Margarita, the third child, born at Bristol (as 
above) July 30, 1703, died at Bristol in February or March, 
1707/8, while her father was in prison in London. A letter 
from Isaac Norris to James Logan, dated at London, March 
6, 1707/8, says, " Our Proprietor and Governor is still in 
the Fleet, good lodgings, has meetings there, is often visited, 

1 " Pennsylvania Archives," 2d series, Vol. XVI. p. 440. 

446 The Family of William Penn. 

and lives comfortably enough for the circumstance. Their 
daughter Hannah is dead at Bristol." l 

And not only the death of this favorite child, but the 
birth of one more, making seven children of his second 
marriage, — as there had been seven of the first, — occurred 
while Penn was still in confinement. This last child, named 
Hannah, for her mother, was born in London ; she lived but 
a few months. The Friends' records give both her birth 
and death. Those for London and Middlesex show : 

"Hannah Penn, born Seventh mo. [September] 5, 1708, Parish of 
Ludgate, City of London, daughter of William, Esquire, and Hannah." 

And the records for the Upper Side of Bucks show : 

" Hannah Penn, daughter of William Penn, late of Worminghurst, 
in the County of Sussex, England, and Hannah, his wife, departed this 
life at Kensington, in the county of Middlesex, on the four and twentieth 
day of the eleventh month, one thousand seven hundred and eight, 
[January 24, 1708/9], and was buried at New Jordans, aforesaid." 1 

A letter from Penn to Logan, sent over by Governor 
Gookin, and dated at London, September 29, 1708 (a few 
days before his release from the Fleet prison upon the com- 
promise of the Ford claim), says, "My poor wife had a 
quick and easy time for her last child-bearing, almost a 
month since, and has a daughter of her own name, in the 
room of an excellent child [Hannah Margarita] that died 
last spring, the love and admiration of all that knew her." 
And a few weeks later, December 29, 1708, writing again 
to Logan, he says, " My poor wife is better, that has been 
ill to a dangerous circumstance. All mine by her are well, 
which are six in number, thro' mercy, and so is my son 
Penn now, though dubious a month ago, and my daughter 
Aubrey, but my son's wife is at present out of order." 

The five children who survived, after the death of Hannah 
(as above) in January, 1708/9, were all living when their 

1 Of. foot-note by Deborah Logan, "Penn-Logan Correspondence," 
Vol. I. p. 206. 

2 Cited in Coleman's "Pedigree," p. 8. 

The Family of William Penn. 447 

father died in 1718 : John, Thomas, Margaret, Eiehard, and 
Dennis. Of John we have already spoken. Thomas and 
his family must be treated of at length. Margaret, as here- 
tofore mentioned, married Thomas Freame. The marriage 
took place in 1727. An allusion in the "Breviate" of the 
Boundary Case (" Pennsylvania Archives/' 2d series, Vol. 
XVI. p. 443), where she is quoted as a party, July 5, 1727, 
to " a family deed of indenture sextipartite," * says she joined 
in its execution with Thomas Freame, " whom she was then 
going to marry." 

Among the Penn family letters in the collections of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania is one from London, 
May 7, 1723, from Thomas Freame to John Penn. It be- 
gins "Dear John," is deferential and polite in tone, and 
uses the Friendly expressions "thee," "thy," etc. The 
writer had apparently been at Ruscombe, and had been ill 
there. He says, " Pray give my kind regards to thy sister 
Peggy." This may have been the beginning of the court- 
ship. Letters from Thomas Penn to John Penn (Margaret's 
brothers), October 25 and 31, 1727, refer to Thomas Freame 
as if married to Margaret, and in May, 1728, a letter suggests 
the expectation of a child. 

The Freames came to Philadelphia with John Penn in 
September, 1734, and appear to have lived here for some 
years. Thomas Freame's name appears in the list of the 
captains of the seven companies raised in Pennsylvania in 
1740 to take part in the expedition under Wentworth and 
Vernon, which made the futile attack on Carthagena, in 
Spanish South America, in March, 1741. A daughter of 
the Freames, Philadelphia Hannah, was born in Philadel- 
phia 2 in 1746, and married, May 8, 1770 (being his second 
wife), Thomas Dawson, an Irish gentleman, who in 1770 
was made Baron Dartrey, and in 1785 Viscount Oremorne, 

1 The six parties were John, Thomas, and Eiehard Penn, Margaret 
Penn (jointly with Thomas Freame), and two trustees, Joseph Wyeth 
and Sylvanus Bevan. 

2 John Jay Smith's address, November 18, 1867. Introduction to 
" Penn-Logan Correspondence," Vol. I. p. 32. 

448 The Family of William Penn. 

both in the Irish peerage, the latter honor being " of Castle 
Dawson, County Monaghan, Ireland." He died 1813, and 
the viscounty expired with him, as he left no descendants. 
The barony (Cremorne), however, was continued by a great- 
nephew, Kichard Dawson, created Earl of Dartrey, 1866. 
He was a lord-in-waiting to the Queen 1857-58 and 
1859-66. John Jay Smith spoke of him (1867) as a " noble- 
man of large income," and "in high favor." Viscount 
Cremorne's wife (Philadelphia Hannah) died in 1826, Cole- 
man's " Pedigree" says. The famous Cremorne Gardens, 
in London, on the Thames, occupied a site which Viscount 
Cremorne had owned, and where he had resided. 1 " There 
was a lovely portrait of Philadelphia Hannah Penn, Lady 
Cremorne, in the great north room of Stoke, 2 painted by 
Sir Joshua [Reynolds], and one of the last acts of the late 
Mr. [Granville John] Penn was the presentation of this 
portrait, and that of her husband, to Earl Dartrey. Some 
of the Cremorne furniture and china and plate was at 
Pennsylvania Castle in 1865." 3 

A child of the Freames (Thomas) was buried at Jordans 
August 2, 1746. Margaret Freame was buried there Feb- 
ruary 12, 1750/1. Kebekah Butterfield's journal contains 
these entries : 

"2nd of 6th Month August 1746, Benjamin Holmes, Thomas White- 
head, and William Penton was at y e burial of Thomas Freame, grandson 
to our friend William Penn, at Jordans." 

" 12th of 12th Month, 1750, [February 12, 1750/51] Daniel Bell and 
Jane Hoskins, of Pensilvania, was at y e burial of Margrate Frame. 
There was a hearse and seven Coaches in all. They went away after 
Meetting from Jordans." 4 

1 In 1825 the property belonged to Granville Penn. — Wheatley and 
Cunningham's " London." 

2 Kesidence of John Penn, son of Thomas (nephew of Margaret 
Freame, first cousin of Philadelphia Hannah), Stoke Poges, Bucks, 
England. To be spoken of more particularly later. 

3 J. J. Smith's address. — Pennsylvania Castle, to be hereafter referred 
to, was a residence of John Penn, son of Thomas, on the island of Port- 
land, near the Isle of Wight. 

4 These citations from Butterfield MSS., in " Jordans and the Chal- 
fonts," pp. 248, 250. 

The Family of William Penn. 449 

The stone over her grave is believed to be the one (placed 
with the others in recent time) marked "Mary Frame." 

Eichard Penn and his family must be spoken of at length 
later. The death of Dennis Penn, the fifth of the children 
of William Penn by the marriage we are now describing, 
has been mentioned. 

The apoplectic stroke which disabled William Penn oc- 
curred at Bristol on the 4th of October, 171 2. 1 He was 
writing an earnest letter to Logan, some passages of which 
may be here cited. After impressively urging Logan " to 
move all springs that may deliver me from my present 
thraldom" of money troubles, he refers to a plan he had 
entertained of assigning his proprietary patent to trustees, 
for the maintenance of a government which would protect 
the Friends in Pennsylvania, and plaintively adds, " But I 
am not to be heard, either in civils or spirituals, till I am 
dead." Other passages follow : 

" I am now to tell thee that both my daughter and son 
Aubrey are under the greatest uneasiness about their money, 
which I desire, as well as allow thee, to return per first [op- 
portunity] ... I have paid William Aubrey, (with a mad 
bullying treatment from him into the bargain), but [? about] 
£500, which with several hundreds paid at different times 
to him here makes near £1100, besides what thou hast sold 
and put out to interest there, — which is so deep a cut to me 
here, — and nothing but my son's [Aubrey probably] tem- 

1 The time of this stroke is precisely fixed by the date of Perm's letter 
to Logan, cited in Janney's " Life of Penn" (p. 525), with Hannah's 
postscript to it, also dated. Maria Webb says (" Penns and Peningtons," 
p. 426, Philadelphia edition) that it occurred "on the 24th of Fifth 
month," — i.e., July, — and Summers has followed this (" Jordans and the 
Chalfonts," p. 224). And I regret to say that in the " Memorial History 
of Philadelphia," Vol. I. p. 173, 1 have said that it occurred on the 4th 
of August, my mistake being that I took " Eighth month," with which 
Penn's date begins, in its modern form. (Hannah's postscript is dated 
"13th 8ber," which I did not note.) In a foot-note to this present 
essay (p. 13) I have followed Maria Webb's authority, and said the 
seizure occurred July 24! Thus are errors repeated when once com- 
mitted ! 

450 The Family of William Penn. 

pestuous and most rude treatment of my wife and self too, 
should have forced it from me. 

" I writ to thee of our great and unhappy loss and revo- 
lution at Bristol, by the death of our near and dear friends, 
father and mother Callowhill ; so shall only say he has left 
all his concerns in America to poor John, who had almost 
followed his grandfather, and who by his sorrow at hi& 
death and burial, and also by his behaviour since, has jus- 
tified my special regards to him, as of an uncommon char- 
acter and capacity. Now, through the Lord's mercy, he is 
on the recovery, as I now likewise am, by the same Divine 
goodness; for I have been most dangerously ill at London. " 

A few sentences followed, and then, in the midst of one t 
his pen stopped : he had sustained a second stroke of apo- 
plexy. October 13, Hannah Penn added on the other side 
of her husband's letter a pathetic postscript to Logan : " The 
enclosed my poor husband wrote, but had not time to finish 
before he was taken ill with a second fit of his lethargic 
illness, like as about six months ago, at London ; which has 
been no small addition to my late most severe exercises. 
But it has pleased the Lord, in the midst of judgments to 
show us mercy, in the comfortable prospect of his recovery ^ 
though as yet but weak. And I am ordered by the doctors 
to keep all business from him until he is stronger. . . ." * 

February 5, 1712/13, Hannah Penn again wrote to Logan, 
from Ruscombe, where, as already mentioned, the family 
home had been fixed in 1710. Her husband, she says, 
recovered from the seizure at Bristol, " so as by easy jour- 
neys to reach London, and endeavored to settle some affairs, 
and get some laws passed for that country's [Pennsylvania's] 
ease; but finding himself unable to bear the fatigues of the 
town, he just reached Ruscombe when he was seized with 
the same severe illness that he has twice before labored 
under. And though, by the Lord's mercy, he is much 
better than he was, and in a pretty hopeful way of recovery,, 
yet I am forbid by his doctors to trouble him with any 
business till better." 

1 These letters in full in Janney's " Penn," pp. 525, 526. 

The Family of William Perm. 451 

These three strokes of apoplexy — the first in London, in 
the spring of 1712 ; the second at Bristol, in October ; the 
third at Ruscombe, probably in January — permanently dis- 
abled Penn's mental powers, and left his physical strength 
so shattered that he gradually declined until his death at 
Ruscombe, July 30, 1718. The "Life" prefixed to his 
" Select Works" describes the closing six years as " a con- 
tinual and gradual declension." The sale of his proprietary 
rights in Pennsylvania to the Crown, begun before the first 
stroke, was suspended and never completed, the Crown 
lawyers advising that he was incompetent for so important 
an act. His will he had made in London in the early part 
of 1712, at the time of a severe illness, — probably the first 
stroke of apoplexy, though in the codicil to the will, added 
at Ruscombe, May 27 of that year, he says it — the former 
— was made " when ill of a feavour at London." 

The condition of Penn's health, though year by year it de- 
clined, permitted him to go about for some time. Hannah 
Penn wrote to Logan, February 16, 1713/14, that " he was at 
Reading [Friends'] meeting last First-day, as also two or 
three times before, and bore it very comfortably, and ex- 
pressed his refreshment and satisfaction in being there." A 
visitor in the spring of 1713 " found him to appearances pretty 
well in health, and cheerful of disposition, but defective in 
memory . . . nor could he deliver his words so readily as 
heretofore." A year later the same visitor "found him 
very little altered." He " accompanied him in his carriage 
to Reading meeting," where he rose up "to exhort those 
present," and spoke " several sensible sentences, though not 
able to say much," and on leaving the meeting took " leave 
of his friends with much tenderness." Thomas Story, in 
the autumn of 1714, found him with " his memory almost 
quite lost, the use of his understanding suspended. . . . 
Nevertheless no insanity, no lunacy, at all appeared in his 
actions, and his mind was in an innocent state. . . . That 
he had a good sense of Truth is plain by some very clear sen- 
tences ... he spoke in an evening meeting we had together 
there ; ... so that I was ready to think this was a sort of 

452 The Family of William Penn. 

sequestration of him from all the concerns of this life which 
so much oppressed him, not in judgment, but in mercy, that 
he might have rest, and not be oppressed thereby to the end." 

The " visitor" spoken of above again came to Ruscombe 
in 1715 and the two following years. In 1715 he found 
Penn's memory more deficient, " but his love and sense of 
religious enjoyments apparently continued, for he still often 
went in his chariot to the meeting at Eeading, and there 
sometimes uttered short but very sound and savoury ex- 
pressions. . . . This year he went to Bath, but the waters 
there proved of no benefit." In 1716 the visitor found 
him "much weaker than last year;" he could not remember 
the names of those who called, " yet by his answers it 
appeared he knew their persons." In 1717 he " found his 
understanding so much weakened that he scarce knew his 
old acquaintances ; and his bodily strength so much decayed 
that he could not well walk without leading, nor express 
himself intelligibly." 

In February, 1714/15, Hannah Penn wrote to Logan that 
u he has had two or three little returns of his paralytic dis- 
order, but I thank the Lord it went off, and he is now in 
pretty good health, not worse in his speech than for some 
months past, nor can I say he is better ; but when I keep 
the thoughts of business from him he is very sweet, com- 
fortable and easy, and is cheerfully resigned to the Lord's 
will, and yet takes delight in his children, his friends, and 
domestic comforts as formerly." 

He must have been still in such condition of body and 
mind in 1716 as to be thought capable of signing the com- 
mission to Governor Keith, when he was sent out to super- 
sede Governor Gookin, for the record made by the Council 
at Philadelphia, upon its reception, was, that it was "from 
the proprietor." 1 Hannah Penn, however, in her letter of 
reproof to Keith, May 20, 1723, used the expression, " As 
thou wert chosen in the time of my husband's weakness, by 
means of his friends only, to that important trust," etc. 
In March, 1717, about a year and a half before his death, 
1 "Colonial Records," Vol. III. p. 1. 

The Family of William Perm. 453 

Hannah Penn wrote to Logan that she had continued to 
live for three or four years at Ruscombe, which was a large 
house, and carried a heavy rent, solely on her husband's 
account, " for he has all along delighted in walking and 
taking the air here, and does still, when the weather allows, 
and at other times diverts himself from room to room/' etc. 

After Penn's death, about 1730, a man named Henry 
Pickworth, for some object (as Penn's friends thought, 
mere malevolence), asserted that Penn had died insane at 
Bath. Joseph Besse, the author subsequently of the well- 
known work, the " Sufferings" of the Friends, published 
a refutation of the story, and cited the testimony of Simon 
Clement (Hannah Penn's brother-in-law, husband of her 
sister Mary). Clement's statement, in brief, was that in 
all his illness Penn never had any symptoms of insanity. 
"He was indeed attacked with a kind of apoplectic fit in 
London, in the month of May, 1712, from which he re- 
covered, and did go to the Bath, and from thence to Bristol, 
where he had a second fit about September [October ?] 
following; and in about three months after he had the 
third fit at his own house at Rushcomb, which impaired 
his memory [etc.] . . . But ... so far from any* show of 
lunacy . . . his actions were regular and orderly, and 
nothing appeared in his behaviour but a loving, meek, 
quiet, easy temper, and a childish innocence," etc. 

Penn was near the completion of his seventy-fourth year 
when he died. The close came between two and three 
o'clock in the morning of July 30, 1718. He was buried 
on the 5th of August at the Jordans ground, where his 
dust remains. Thomas Story's journal gives a few details 
relating to his death and funeral : 

" We arrived at Ruscombe late in the evening, where we 
found the widow and most of the family together. Our 
coming occasioned a fresh remembrance of the deceased, 
and also a renewed flood of many tears from all eyes. . . . 
On the 5th I accompanied the corpse to the grave, where 
we had a large meeting," etc. 

Rebekah Butterfield's journal says the burial was in the 

454 The Family of William Penn. 

presence of " twenty or thirty publick Friends [Le., min- 
isters] and a vast number of Friends and others." 

The ground at Jordans has been repeatedly described by 
visitors, and pictures of it showing the stones that now 
mark the graves are numerous. One of these views is 
given as an illustration to Mr. George L. Harrison's report 
(1882) of his visit to England, by authority of Governor 
Hoyt, of Pennsylvania, to procure approval of the proposi- 
tion to remove the remains of William Penn to Philadelphia 
for reinterment. The stones are, unfortunately, in several 
particulars wrongly lettered. That of Letitia Aubrey is 
marked " Letitia Penn." The death of Gulielma Maria 
Penn is given as 1689, that being the time of the death of 
the last child of Penn's first marriage. Margaret Freame 
is marked "Mary Frame." And, as already mentioned, 
the grave marked "John Penington, 1710," is believed to 
be that of John Penn, " the American," who died 1746. 

Prince Butterfield, brother to Rebekah, whose memo- 
randa concerning burials at Jordans and other Quaker 
events are esteemed a valuable source of our modern 
knowledge, informed the sometime vicar of Penn, the Rev. 
B. Anderson, that, " contrary to the rest, William Penn's 
head lies to the south, and the remains of his second wife, 
Hannah Penn, are laid upon his ; also that he [P. B.] saw 
William Penn's leaden coffin when the grave was opened 
to bury his second wife." 

It appears by Penn's interrupted letter, October, 1712, 
that Thomas Callowhill and his wife had then recently died. 
It is evident that Thomas Callowhill was not only a valu- 
able friend to his son-in-law, but also a useful citizen of 
Bristol. An earliet* letter from Penn to Logan, dated at 
London, January 16, 1704/5, says, " and if my wife's mother 
should die, who is now very ill, I believe not only my wife 
and our young stock, but her father too, would incline 
thither [Pennsylvania]. He has been a treasure to Bristol, 
and given his whole time to the service of the poor Friends' 
funds, till they made eight per cent, of their money, and 
next the city poor, where, by act of Parliament he has been 

The Family of William Penn. 455 

kept in [office] beyond form, he has so managed to their 
advantage that the city Members gave our Friends, and my 
father[-in-law] in particular, an encomium much to their 
honor, in the House." l 


William Penn, the Founder, married, second, at Bristol, 
March 5, 1695/6, Hannah, only daughter and child of 
Thomas Callowhill and his wife Hannah (daughter of 
Dennis Hollister). Hannah Penn was born April 18, 
1664, at Bristol, and died December 20, 1726, and was 
buried (in the same grave with her husband) at Jordans. 
Her children by William Penn were : 

1. John, "the American," born at Philadelphia, Janu- 
ary 29, 1699/1700; died unmarried at Hitcham, Bucks, 
England, October 25, 1746; buried at Jordans, November 5. 

2. Thomas, born at Bristol, England, March 9, 1701/2; 
married and had issue. See details later. 

3. Hannah Margarita, born at Bristol, England, July 30, 
1703 ; died at Bristol in February or March, 1707/8. 

4. Margaret, born at Bristol, England, November 7, 
1704; married, 1727, Thomas Freame, and had issue: 
(1) Thomas, buried at Jordans, 1746; (2) Philadelphia 
Hannah (said to have been born at Philadelphia, 1746, and 
to have died 1826), who married Thomas Dawson, created 
Viscount Cremorne ; and perhaps others. Margaret Freame 
died in February, 1750/51, and was buried at Jordans on 
the 12th of that month. 

5. Richard, born at Bristol, England, January 17, 1705/6 ; 
married and had issue. See details later. 

6. Dennis, born at Ealing, Middlesex, England, February 
26, 1706/7; died, unmarried, February 6 (or January?), 
1722/3, and was buried at Jordans. 

7. Hannah, born in Ludgate Parish, London, September 
5, 1708; died at Kensington, January 24, 1708/9, and was 
buried at Jordans. 

1 " Penn-Logan Correspondence," Vol. I. p. 355. 
(To be continued.)